11 Common Types of Cranes

11 Common Types of Cranes

26 June 2021 Off By The Engineering Community

11 Common Types of Cranes


1. Floating Crane :

A floating crane is a ship with a crane specialized in lifting heavy loads. They are useful for loading and unloading heavy items to and from ships. They are also used for transferring equipment from one vessel or platform to another, moving around equipment on the sea deck, and recovering or placing equipment on the seabed.

Floating Crane

2. Harbour Cranes:

They are normally used in harbour container lifting operations. Due to their compact design,  Harbour Cranes are the world‘s most flexible and powerful cargo handling equipment in ports and container terminals. Today, they can be electrified by means of powerful motorized cable reels, largely keeping their flexibility and agility within the quay infrastructure.

Harbour Cranes

3. Crawler Cranes:

They can move around on site and the crane is stable on its track without outriggers. The main advantage of crawler cranes is that they can move around on site and perform each lift with little set-up, since the crane is stable on its tracks with no outriggers. An additional advantage is that crawler cranes are capable of traveling with a load.

Crawler Cranes

4. Rough terrain Cranes:

They are mounted with four rubber tires and specifically designed to operate on OFF-ROAD and ROUGH surfaces.

All terrain cranes are considered as the luxury version of a mobile hydraulic cranes, used in common construction sites.

Rough terrain Cranes

5. Truck mounted Crane:

It is a self propelled loading-unloading machine mounted on a truck body.

Truck mounted Crane

6. Level Luffing Crane:

A level luffing crane is a crane mechanism where the hook remains at the same level whilst luffing.

Level Luffing Crane

7. Railroad Crane:

A railroad crane is a type of crane used on a railroad for, accident recovery work, permanent way maintenance or freight handling in goods yards.

Railroad Crane

8. Tower Cranes:

Tower cranes are commonly used in construction of tall buildings.

Tower Cranes

9. Side Boom Cranes:

They are commonly used to lift industrial pipes lines. Side booms are built to meet the unique demands of pipeline customers.

Side Boom Cranes

10. Aerial Cranes:

An aerial crane or flying crane is a helicopter used to lift loads.

Aerial Cranes

11. Gantry Crane:

A gantry crane is a crane built at the top of a gantry, which is capable of lifting some of the heaviest loads in the world.

Gantry Crane